From Archives of Hindu Wisdom - Dwaraka Site

A pioneer in this field is Dr S R Rao, formerly of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) and now with the National Institute of Oceanography in Goa. With all the existing limitations, he has done considerable work in the Bet Dwaraka region, where he found an entire submerged city, with rubble and masonry structures, several shell and pottery items and seals. The Mahabharata and Harivamsha describe Krishna‚s capital Dwaraka and how it was submerged by the sea in great detail, a description that coincides in many ways with what the divers found. Unfortunately, the doubting Thomases of our historical world, a school of Indian historians who regard Indian literature as, myth do not want to acknowledge this interpretation, in case it gives credence to the story of Krishna, whose capital was submerged by the sea. It is ridiculous not to correlate archaeology and literature. Mythology is, the science of primitive man, his manner of explaining the universe. Records of natural phenomena and historical events ˜ invasions, migrations, etc. ˜ are stored as myths. If literature and archaeology had not been correlated, we would never have known the history of ancient Greece. And how many people are aware of the fact that the only (ancient) temple for Matsya ˜ Vishnu's incarnation at the time of the great flood ˜ is to be found at Shankhodhara in Bet Dwaraka.(source: Marine archaeology and the study of the past - By Nanditha Krishn - Watch Scientific verification of Vedic knowledge and Watch Lost / submerged city of Dwaraka – Lord Krishna's Lost City of Dwarka found UnderWater
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Rama-Sethu. A Man-made structure..Read on

In our series on Ram Sethu and the Sethu Samudram Canal project, we had earlier interviewed world-renowned tsunami expert Dr Tad S Murty and Dr Kalyanaraman, a researcher on the subject.

This time, we discuss the feasibility of the project with Geologist Dr Badrinarayanan.

Dr Badrinarayanan was former director of the Geological Survey of India. He was also former coordinator of the survey division of the National Institute of Ocean Technology, Ministry of Earth Science, in Chennai.

As a geologist who has done studies on the geological aspects of the area where Sethu Samudram Canal Project is being undertaken, Dr.Badrinarayanan puts forth some interesting findings on the area in an interview to Shobha Warrier.

As a geologist, how do you describe Ram Sethu? Is it a man-made structure or natural formation?

It is not a natural formation; the top portion of it appears to be a man-made structure. To understand what I am saying from the geological point of view, you have to get to know several things.

What is known as Adam's Bridge is originally a natural grade divide separating the Bay of Bengal and the Indian Ocean to the south. So, the geological aspects are different on either side.

About 18,000 years ago, we had Ice age when the sea level was lower by 130 metres than what it is now. Due to de-glaciation, the sea level rose.

Around 7,300 years back, there was major flooding and the sea level rose to 4 metres more than what it is today. This has been verified by several researchers throughout the world. But the bridge that connects India and Sri Lanka is different; it is not just a sand dune.

Vimanas or Aerial Cars - Indias Oldest flying machines Read on...

The mention of airplanes is found many times throughout Vedic literature, including the following verse from the Yajur-Veda describing the movement of such machines:
"O royal skilled engineer, construct sea-boats, propelled on water by our experts, and airplanes, moving and flying upward, after the clouds that reside in the mid-region, that fly as the boats move on the sea, that fly high over and below the watery clouds. Be thou, thereby, prosperous in this world created by the Omnipresent God, and flier in both air and lightening. (Yajur Veda, 10.19)
The Rig Veda, the oldest document of the human race includes references to the following modes of transportation:
  • Jalayan - a vehicle designed to operate in air and water. (Rig Veda 6.58.3)
  • Kaara- Kaara- Kaara- a vehicle that operates on ground and in water. (Rig Veda 9.14.1)
  • Tritala- Tritala- Tritala- a vehicle consisting of three stories. (Rig Veda 3.14.1)
  • Trichakra Ratha - Trichakra Ratha - Trichakra Ratha - a three-wheeled vehicle designed to operate in the air. (Rig Veda 4.36.1)
  • Vaayu Ratha- Vaayu Ratha- Vaayu Ratha- a gas or wind-powered chariot. (Rig Veda 5.41.6)
  • Vidyut Ratha- Vidyut Ratha- Vidyut Ratha- a vehicle that operates on power. (Rig Veda 3.14.1).
Kathasaritsagara refers to highly talented woodworkers called Rajyadhara and Pranadhara. The former was so skilled in mechanical contrivances that he could make ocean crossing chariots. And the latter manufactured a flying chariot to carry a thousand passengers in the air. These chariots were stated to be as fast as thought itself. (source: India Through The Ages: History, Art Culture and Religion - By G. Kuppuram p. 532-533).

According to Dr. Vyacheslav Zaitsev:

"the holy Indian Sages, the Ramayana for one, tell of "Two storied celestial chariots with many windows" "They roar like off into the sky until they appear like comets." The Mahabharata and various Sanskrit books describe at length these chariots, "powered by winged was a ship that soared into the air, flying to both the solar and stellar regions."

(source: Temples and Spaceships - By V. Zaitsev - Sputnik, Jan. 1967 and Hinduism in the Space Age - By E. Vedavyas p. 31-32).

Vedic Harrapans - An Enigma No longer! MIT Samskritam & Samskrita Bharati presents Lecture by Dr N S Rajaram

A talk by Dr. N.S. Rajaram at MIT. He is a great scholar (a mathematical scientist from academia who has been researching in the field of history and history of science for many years now), speaker and writer. He has done a lot of research in the Indology field and has challenged the old, colonial, euro-centric theories.

Harappan archaeology represents the material side of the civilization that created the Vedic civilization. It came at the end of a long maritime phase going back to the end of the Ice Age.

Ever since archaeologists unearthed the Harappan civilization nearly a century ago, scholars have sought to keep it separate from the Vedic literature and culture. This has resulted in the paradox of a history without literature for the Harappans and a literature without history for the Vedic Aryans. Following the collapse of  the ‘Aryan invasion’ version of history, and recent findings in natural history and genetics, it is possible to identify the Harappans as belonging to the late Vedic Age. Harappan civilization was the twilight of the Vedic Age and broke up due to ecological degradation including the drying up of the Sarasvati River.

Natural history further allows us to trace the origins of the Vedic civilization to the maritime world of the end of the last Ice Age. Harappan iconography is full of Vedic symbols. The presentation will highlight the Harappan symbolism and its connections with the Vedic and other ancient literature. The presentation will also indicate important areas for research, which, however, requires dropping old dogmas and a readiness to use multidisciplinary approaches based on science, literature as well as combining ancient and modern metaphysics.

Submergence of Dwaraka

After Lord Sri Krishna left for the heavenly abode, and the major Yadava heads were killed in fights among themselves; Arjuna went to Dwarka to bring Krishna's grandsons and the Yadava wives to Hastinapur. After Arjun left Dwaraka, it was submerged in the sea. This is the account given by Arjuna, in Mahabharat: "The sea, which had been beating against the shores, suddenly broke the boundary that was imposed on it by nature. The sea rushed into the city. It coursed through the streets of the beautiful city. The sea covered up everything in the city. I saw the beautiful buildings becoming submerged one by one. In a matter of a few moments it was all over. The sea had now become as placid as a lake. There was no trace of the city. Dwaraka was just a name; just a memory." The town has association with Shri Krishna, who founded this town by reclaiming 12 yojanas of land from the sea. During its glorious past, Dwaraka was a city of beautiful gardens, deep moats, and several ponds and palaces (Vishnu Purana), but it is believed to have submerged just after the disappearance of Shri Krishna. Due to its historical importance and association with the Mahabharata, Dwaraka continues to attract archeologists and historians besides scientists.

Unearthing historical vestiges - Prof S.R.Rao founder of Dwaraka

Article Source : The Hindu, Wednesday, Nov 20, 2002 - by RADHIKA RAJAMANI 
Credited with path-breaking excavations of the Harappan port of Lothal and the submerged city of Dwaraka and the `decipherment' of the Indus script, the renowned archaeologist and scholar Prof. S.R. Rao continues to work on the Indus script and marine archaeology with indomitable spirit and energy.


DWARAKA ON LAND: The Dwarkadeesh Temple and other buildings.
PROF. S.R. Rao is a renowned archaeologist and scholar who has two path-breaking excavations to his credit (both in Gujarat) namely the Harappan port of Lothal and the submerged city of Dwaraka which have fetched him laurels. One of the first, to work on the decipherment of the Indus script, he has several books to his credit besides numerous articles. S.R. Rao shows enormous enthusiasm to unearth more submerged cities (considering he is in his Seventies). . Excerpts from an interview when he visited the city recently: 

What drew you into marine archaeology?
Actually we had no idea of what it meant. It was in London that Ms Taylor, a librarian at the Institute of Archaeology who was also a diver asked me to take up some work on the Indian coast in the Seventies. She pointed to some shipwrecks of which I had no idea. When I was repairing the temple of Dwarkadeesh at Dwaraka (on land) I had to demolish a modern building in front of it and I found the 9th Century temple of Vishnu. I got curious and dug further deeper (30 ft) in 1979-80 on land. We found two earlier temples, a whole wall and figures of Vishnu. We dug further and actually found eroded material of a township lying at the bottom. Then arose the question of dating the remains of the township destroyed by the sea. Thermo-luminescence dating revealed a date of 1520 B.C. The Mahabharata refers to Dwaraka and this was how we thought of marine archaeology.

How did you begin the excavations?
We had no experience in marine archaeology. It was a new discipline to India. The Indian National Science Academy (INSA) gave us some money and we went to the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO), Goa, as there were some divers there and started work in 1981. Real work started in 1982. We  hired boats. First we found some evidence in Beth Dwaraka island because local tradition points to the antiquity of this compared to Dwaraka.
Read the rest of the exciting interview by clicking on the title of this post or visit the link -

Rama's Bridge

Rama's Bridge. A subset of Landsat 5 TM true color composite of Rama's bridge or Ram Setu (referred by British cartographers as Adam's Bridge). Path 142 Row 54; Bands 742 (RGB); Resolution 30 meter. Original image acquired on 6 February, 1988 at 4:42:00 GMTFile:Rama's bridge.jpg Adam's Bridge (Tamil: ஆதாம் பாலம் āthām pālam), also known as Rama's Bridge or Ram Setu (Tamil: இராமர் பாலம் irāmar pālam, Sanskrit:रामसेतु rāmasetu), is a chain of limestone shoals, between the islands of Rameswaram, off the southeastern coast of Tamil Nadu, India, and Mannar, near northwestern Sri Lanka. Geological evidence indicates that this bridge is a former land connection between India and Sri Lanka.
The bridge is 30 miles (48 km) long and separates the Gulf of Mannar (southwest) from the Palk Strait (northeast). Some of the sandbanks are dry and the sea in the area is very shallow, being only 3 ft to 30 ft (1 m to 10 m) deep in places, which hinders navigation.

Bharat - Varsha 6th Century B.C

Sciences that originated in Bhārata Gaṇarājya


Numerals are found in the inscriptions of Ashok The Great in the 3rd Century BCE. This knowledge traveled from there to Europe and West. In Arab countries even now numerals are known as HINDSE: from India. La place, the French mathematician and physicist, wrote during Napoleon's time, "It is India that gave us the ingenious method of expressing all numbers by means of ten symbols" - Prof. O.M. Mathew in Bhavan's Journal. Please click on the post title to read more about this article...

The Existence of Iron in the Vedas, Ramayana and Mahabharata

Ramayana and scriptures mention about the floating stones used by Hanuman and other Vanara Sena to build the Ram Setu connecting India and Srilanka at Rameswaram. In this show, you will see the original stones picked up from Ram Setu and the scientfic validation. 17 feet long Tomb of Demon Ravana found in one 'Gumpha' in revala area of Sri lanka. Proofs of flying machines with Ravana also found.

Wooden piece at Dwarka site to tell all... date, time

Express News Service Rajkot, May 4: Archaeologists are excited about a circular wooden structure found underwater at a near-shore excavation site off the coast of Jamnagar. Thought to be the remains of the lost city of ancient Dwarka, the wooden structure is well preserved and surrounded by another structure made of stone blocks. “It is significant as scientific dating of wood, which is carbon, is possible. This was not the case with evidences like stone, beads, glass and terracota found earlier,” said Alok Tripathi, Superintending Archeologist, Underwater Archeology Wing of Archaeological Survey of India. Click on the post title to read the rest of the article....

Dwaraka - Ancient structures under water and on land discovered!

By T.S. Subramanian - The Hindu February 23, 2007
Ancient structural remains of some significance have been discovered at Dwaraka, under water and on land, by the Underwater Archaeology Wing (UAW) of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). Alok Tripathi, Superintending Archaeologist, UAW, said the ancient underwater structures found in the Arabian Sea were yet to be identified. "We have to find out what they are. They are fragments. I would not like to call them a wall or a temple. They are part of some structure," said Dr. Tripathi, himself a trained diver. Click on the Post title to read the rest of the story.....

Discovery of Dwaraka

Between 1983 to 1990, the well-fortified township of Dwaraka was discovered, extending more than half mile from the shore. The township was built in six sectors along the banks of a river. The foundation of boulders on which the city's walls were erected proves that the land was reclaimed from the sea. The general layout of the city of Dwaraka described in ancient texts agrees with that of the submerged city discovered by the MAU. According to the discoveries, Dwaraka was a prosperous city in ancient times, which was destroyed and reconstructed several times. The work of great excavators like Z.D. Ansari and M.S. Mate allowed chance discovery of temples of the 9th century A.D. and 1st century A.D. buried near the present Dwaraka. Conclusions arrived at after carrying out these underwater archaeological explorations support and validate the dates arrived at through astronomical calculations. They also prove that the reconstructed city was a prosperous port town, and that it was in existence for about 60-70 years in the 15th century B.C. before being submerged under the sea in the year 1443 B.C. "The discovery of the legendary city of Dwaraka which is said to have been founded by Shri Krishna, is an important landmark in the history of India. It has set at rest the doubts expressed by historians about the historicity of Mahabharata and the very existence of Dwaraka city. It has greatly narrowed the gap of Indian history by establishing the continuity of Indian civilization from the Vedic age to the present day." (S.R. Rao, former adviser to the NIO who is still actively involved in the excavations).

Some more facts on Dwaraka (Shri Krishna's city)

Scientifically proven scriptures: Krishna's city was named Dwaraka and the Hindu scriptures have described that the city was submerged in water in a particular area after Krishna's incarnation was over. The city has now been found by archaeologists in the same place mentioned by the scriptures. A mind boggling article on Dwarka:
Some more facts on Dwarka (Shri Krishna's city) and new under water finds in Shri Krishna's city City

Jwaala Temple in Himachal Pradesh

Sri Ganapathi Satchidananda Swamiji visited the famous "JWAALA TEMPLE" on 20th March 2005 in Himachal Pradesh state in the Himalayas. Deciding suddenly on 19th afternoon to visit this famous shrine which is part of the Ashtadasha Shakti Peethas (18 seats of mother goddess), Sri Swamiji first flew to Kangra and from there drove to this shrine. The famous Shloka of Adi Sankara "Lankaayaam Shaankari Devi" mentions JAWAALAAYAAM VAISHNAVI DEVI - meaning Vaishnavi Devi in the Jwaala temple.

SRIMAD BHAGAVATHAM - Scientifically ancient India from Email Articles

Source : Email Articles Forwards...
Scientifically ancient India was developed and our ancient saints discovered many things and lost everything under the foreign rule.Sacred texts like Srimad Bhagavatham , Holy Gita, Vedas, Upanishads contain technical and scientifical advancd informations. In astrology we were well advanced. Why Bhagavan Lord Krishna says that among flowers I am the basil (thulasi) flower. US scientists found out after research that thulasi flower can only produce Ozone which acts as a protective cover in the ionosphere preventing radiation from sun and this plant is also be used for making life saving medicines. Banyan tree, among the trees I am the Banyan tree which can produce maximum oxygen and are usually seen in almost all temples so the air in 5 Kms radious will be purified around a big banyan tree.

NASA Images Find 1,750,000 Year Old Man-Made Bridge

WASHINGTON (PTI) -- The NASA Shuttle has imaged a mysterious ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka, as mentioned in the Ramayana. The evidence, say experts matter-of-factly, is in the Digital Image Collection. The recently discovered bridge, currently named as Adam's Bridge and made of a chain of shoals, 30 km long, in the Palk Straits between India and Sri Lanka, reveals a mystery behind it. The bridge's unique curvature and composition by age reveals that it is man-made. Legend as well as Archeological studies reveal that the first signs of human inhabitants in Sri Lanka date back to the primitive age, about 1,750,000 years ago and the bridge's age is also almost equivalent.

Ancient Map of India

Ancient Road Map of India

S R Rao and his findings

"The search for the lost city has been going on since 1930," S.R. Rao, former adviser to the NIO who is still actively involved in the excavations, told India Abroad. "It is only after marine archaeologists started exploring the seabed near modem Dwaraka from 1981 that the structural remains of the city were found."

Hindu Epics such as Mahabharata have often been described as myths. On the same day that Krishnadeparted from the earth the powerful dark-bodied Kali Age descended. The oceans rose and submerged the wholeof Dwaraka.“ According to Vishnu Purana - Dwaraka was submerged by the sea right after the death of LordKrishna.

The Legend of Dwaraka

Ravana's Air Plane and the Lift of Ramayana Times

Chitrakuta is the only Sri Lankan fortress which had a wooden lift operated from top to bottom. If any one enters this great fortress through the lion's head, he will be able to see a huge hole on the rock. Stone structures and stands both on the top and bottom of this "route-hole" are believed to be places on which the wooden lift had been fixed. King Ravana's period was famous for woodcraft and they used a "lift" too, for the day to day work in the fort. History relates that Ravana's air-plane was also made of light wood which was brought from Himalayan forests. Archaeologists, historians and some legends say that there were more than 500 paintings on the walls of Chitrakuta and most of them had been dilapidated due to natural causes. King Ravana was talented in all the fine arts as well as physician and pundit. Sri Lankans are proud to have Chitrakuta or Sigiriya, the world's oldest palace fortress

9,500-Year-Old City Found Underwater Off India

Western Archaeologists to Rewrite History, Source : The Internet
According to marine scientists in India, archaeological remains of this lost city have been discovered 36 metres (120 feet) underwater in the Gulf of Cambay off the western coast of India. And carbon dating says that they are 9,500 years old. This news completely contradicts the position of most Western historians and archaeologists, who (because it did not fit their theories) have always rejected, ignored, or suppressed evidence of an older view of mankind's existence on planet Earth. Human civilization is now provably much more ancient than many have believed. According to the BBC's Tom Housden, reporting on the Cambay find:

Cloth merchant uses Sanskrit as business lingo

BIJAPUR: These days, a revival in ancient languages is palpable, and Sanskrit is no longer a forgotten tongue. There is also talk of establishing a Sanskrit and Vedic university in the state. But off campus, right in the city, is a trader who uses the language for his day-to-day business.

Genealogy of the Bharata

Genealogy of the Bharata